Eleanor Pino Griego

Zia Pueblo potter Eleanor Pino Griego
Traditional jar with Zia design

The daughter of Laura Pino Atkins and Feliz Calabaza, Eleanor Pino Griego was born in April of 1953 at Zia Pueblo. She grew up in a family of illustrious potters: Ascenciona Galvan, Seferina Bell, Laura Atkins, Kathryn Pino and Ruby Panana, to name a few. While she learned the basics of the Zia traditional way of making pottery from her grandmother, Seferina Bell, after more than 30 years of making pottery she considers herself to be mostly self-taught.

Over the years she has participated in shows at the Heard Museum in Phoenix; Haskell Indian Art Market in Lawrence, Kansas; the Eight Northern Pueblos Arts and Crafts Show in Espanola and the Santa Fe Indian Market. She has earned quite a collection of First, Second, Third Place and Honorable Mention ribbons from each.

Eleanor tells us her favorite pieces to create are large polychrome jars decorated with birds and flowers. We asked Eleanor where she gets her inspiration and she responded by saying she's very traditional: the pots call to her to be made. So she is anxious to make them with prayers to Mother Nature and the clear realization that she is her pots and they are her.

Some Awards Eleanor has Earned

  • 2007 Heard Museum Guild Indian Fair & Market Classification II - Pottery, Division A - Traditional, native clay, hand built, painted: Honorable Mention
  • 2000 Santa Fe Indian Market Classification II - Pottery, Division F - Traditional pottery, Painted designs on matte or semi-matte surface, All forms except jars (in the style of Hopi, Acoma, Laguna, Zia, Santa Ana, San Ildefonso, Santo Domingo, Cochiti, Zuni & other related styles), Category 1306 - Other vases: Second Place
  • 1997 Santa Fe Indian Market Classification II - Pottery, Division E - Traditional pottery, Jars, painted designs on matte or semi-matte surface, jars (in the style of Hopi, Acoma, Laguna and related styles), Category 1206 - Jars, Zia, Santa Ana, Santo Domingo, Cochiti: Second Place

100 West San Francisco Street, Santa Fe, New Mexico 87501
(505) 986-1234 - www.andreafisherpottery.com - All Rights Reserved


Zia Pueblo

Zia Reservation view
A typical view on the Zia Reservation

Zia Pueblo is situated in the Jemez Mountains with Jemez Pueblo to the north and Santa Ana Pueblo to the south. Despite its picture postcard setting, Zia's history for the last four hundred years has been difficult.

Antonio de Espejo led a small troop of Spanish explorers up the Jemez River and discovered Zia Pueblo in 1583. Espejo estimated there were about 4,000 inhabitants in a city of house blocks up to three and four stories high with five major plazas and many smaller ones. "The people are clean. The women wear a blanket over their shoulders tied with a sash at their waist - their hair cut in front, and the rest plaited so that it forms two braids, and above a blanket of turkey feathers," is how Espejo's scribe recorded it.

Zia today is a water-poor community of about 800, most of whose residents work away from the pueblo.

The people of Zia participated in the Pueblo Revolt of 1680 and when Spanish troops returned in 1682 and 1687, the Zias were able to repulse them. When more Spanish troops returned in 1688 they were finally successful in conquering the Zias. The Spanish killed many people, burned the pueblo and took many slaves back to Mexico with them. When Don Diego de Vargas returned to northern Nuevo Mexico in 1692, the Zias sued for peace and accepted the rule of Spain almost immediately. However, the new Spanish government did little to protect the pueblos from the raids of nomadic Ute, Apache, Comanche and Navajo warriors. Zia fortunes slid in many ways and by the 1890's the tribe was down to just 98 members.

Today, the Pueblo of Zia numbers about 800 people, many of whom are active artists producing everything from pottery to jewelry to baskets to paintings, sculptures and wood carvings.

Pottery was a Zia mainstay for at least two hundred years. The balance of trade was food from Santa Ana, Jemez and San Felipe in return for pottery from Zia. Pottery still remains Zia's largest home-grown cash crop.

Zia pottery is Keresan and as such, shares design characteristics with other important Keresan pottery, especially Acoma and Laguna ware. They all have their favorite geometric patterns, stylized birds, rainbows and flowers, but each maintains its own individual images and colors.

Where Acoma and Laguna's bird is a parrot, Zia's is a roadrunner. Acoma's black and orange on stark white is contrasted by Zia's dark brown and brownish red on creamy white. Further, Acoma's hard, paper-thin, white clay ollas differ greatly from Zia's sturdy, slightly granular, basalt-tempered red clay jars. Because of their unique local clay and their traditional designs and shapes, Zia pottery is unique and easily distinguished from the pottery of other pueblos.

When New Mexico became a territory (and then a state), some of the symbols involved were sourced from Zia Pueblo. The roadrunner often pictured on Zia pottery became the official New Mexico state bird and the Zia sun symbol (a circle with four parallel lines in four groups pointing in the four directions) became a state symbol depicted in many places, including the state flag.

Map showing the location of Zia Pueblo

For more info:
at Wikipedia
Pueblos of the Rio Grande, Daniel Gibson, ISBN-13:978-1-887896-26-9, Rio Nuevo Publishers, 2001
Photo courtesy of Jared Tarbell, Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic License

100 West San Francisco Street, Santa Fe, New Mexico 87501
(505) 986-1234 - www.andreafisherpottery.com - All Rights Reserved

Ascenciona Galvan Pino Family Tree

Disclaimer: This "family tree" is a best effort on our part to determine who the potters are in this family and arrange them in a generational order. The general information available is questionable so we have tried to show each of these diagrams to living members of each family to get their input and approval, too. This diagram is subject to change should we get better info.

    Rufina Galvan (c. 1882-) & Celestino Galvan
    • Ascenciona Galvan Pino (c. 1900-) and Joe Pino
      • Seferina Bell (1920-1986)
        • Ruby Panana (1954-)
      • Katherine Pino (c. 1935-2017)
        Her student:
        • Veronica Pino Baca (1934-)
      • Laura Pino (c. 1930s-)
        • Eleanor Pino Griego (1953-)
        • Reyes Pino (c. 1950's-)
      • Tomasita Pino (c. 1930s-)

Some of the above info is drawn from Southern Pueblo Pottery, 2000 Artist Biographies, by Gregory Schaaf, © 2002, Center for Indigenous Arts & Studies
Other info is derived from personal contacts with family members and through interminable searches of the Internet and cross-examination of the data found.

100 West San Francisco Street, Santa Fe, New Mexico 87501
(505) 986-1234 - www.andreafisherpottery.com - All Rights Reserved